Do you know the value of your assets? . . .


. . . we can help you with that question.



Business Appraisals


Services Available Statewide in Pennsylvania



Office (800) 373-1210

(Answered During Business Hours 8AM to 5PM EST)


Mobile (800) 736-5063

(Answered Outside Business Hours)


Fax (800) 229-5143


Click Here to Email Us 24/7 for a Free Consultation


We provide valuations of various small business operation types.  Assignments accepted include mostly "main street" type companies of $10 million or less in annual revenue.  Industries covered include.







Due to our experience and qualifications in other areas of the commercial & industrial appraisal profession (tangible assets), we are able to handle assignments involving going concerns that own and/or control major holdings of tangible assets.  Unlike assignments involving other business appraisers, it is not necessary to spend additional time and money on hiring outside appraisers to value the tangible assets held on the subject business's balance sheet.

Business valuations are ordered for a number of reasons. Some of these situations may include.

● Accounting & Financial Matters

● Acquisitions & Mergers

● Allocation of Purchase Price

● Buy / Sell Agreements
● Corporate Planning
● Divestitures
● Estate Planning Matters

● Estate Tax Matters

● Financing
● Gift Tax Matters



USPAP Certified & Competent
Our professionals are USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) certified and experienced in their respective areas of specialization.  Each team member has developed competency in the property type they analyze & service provided.  All reports are certified by an accredited individual.


The education and experience of our team members exceeds the voluntary "Appraiser Minimum Qualification Criteria" adopted by the Appraiser Qualifications Board (AQB) of The Appraisal Foundation for each respective area of practice.  Since we are USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) certified, our reports are completed in accordance with these guidelines.  We are required to re-certify in USPAP content on a periodic schedule.


Client Confidentiality
Clients are always concerned with the confidentiality of their records and assignment results. As accredited  appraisers and members of various professional organizations, we are bound by the confidentiality clause of the Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice (USPAP).  USPAP requires that we maintain the confidentiality of all conversations, documents provided to us and the contents of our reports subject to legal or administrative processes or proceedings.


Qualifications of Principal
The principal of Schreiner Valuation Resources is Bill Schreiner.  In addition to assignments he undertakes directly, Mr. Schreiner also markets services and manages engagements performed by various associates.  A brief listing of his qualifications are noted below.  A more detailed CV is available upon request.

Bill Schreiner

●  BCBA Board Certified Business Appraiser Designation from the National Society of Appraiser Specialists.
●  Business valuation courses taken through the National Association of Certified Valuation Analysts and

    other nationally recognized organizations.

●  CAGA Certified Member Designation in the personal property discipline from the Certified Appraisers Guild of America.

●  Machinery & equipment and personal property appraisal courses taken through the American Society of Appraisers and other nationally recognized organizations.

●  MSA Master Senior Appraiser Designation in the real property discipline from the National Association of Master Appraisers.
●  CCRA Certified Commercial Real Estate Appraiser Designation from the National Association of Real Estate Appraisers.

●  Certified General Appraiser License from the State of Indiana Professional Licensing Agency.

●  Real estate appraisal & consulting courses taken through the Appraisal Institute and other nationally recognized organizations.

●  Management Certificate from Loyola University, School of Business Administration, Chicago, Illinois.
●  Over twenty-three (23) years of diverse experience in the appraisal & valuation consulting profession.

●  Previously held the position of Senior Appraiser in a regionally based accounting & consulting firm.
●  United States Marine Corps Veteran (Honorable Discharge from Active Duty and Service-Connected Disabled Veteran Rating from the Department of Veterans Affairs



Valuation Methodology
Given our experience and knowledge in the two (2) other primary areas of commercial & industrial valuation (real estate and machinery & equipment), we are in a position to value businesses that own significant machinery, equipment and real estate without contracting additional practitioners.  This is an advantage over the majority of  our competition, in that most business appraisers come from a background that does not include experience or knowledge in the appraisal of hard tangible assets (real estate and/or machinery & equipment).

The majority of business enterprise appraisals are performed for the purpose of estimating the "Fair Market Value" of an identified interest (ranging from 100% control to some form of partial interest) in an on-going business entity (i.e. S Corp, C Corp, LLC, Partnership, Association or Sole Proprietorship).  On occasion, an assignment may call for estimating the "Liquidation Value" of an identified interest (typically 100% control) in a business entity due to an issue such as in-solvency or bankruptcy.

Typically, given the constraints of the data available in the marketplace, the value of the entire enterprise must first be estimated before addressing any partial interest calculations.  Although, is some situations, techniques do exist to value a partial equity interest directly.  However, these circumstances are not commonplace.  Normally the entity is valued, then the partial interest is analyzed.

There are three (3) generally accepted approaches to estimating value in a business enterprise appraisal engagement.  These are briefly described as follows.

Asset Approach

A generally accepted approach of developing a value indication of a business using one or more methods based on the value of the subject business's assets net of all liabilities.


Market Approach

A generally accepted approach of developing a value indication of a business using one or more methods that compare the subject business to similar businesses that have been sold in an open market.


Income Approach

A generally accepted approach of developing a value indication of a business using one or more methods that convert anticipated economic benefits into a present value amount.


Once the range is established by the developed approaches, a reconciliation of the indications is performed, based upon their respective relevance to the subject appraisal problem, to arrive at a final estimation of the value for the subject business.


Additional concerns may need to be addressed in the form of discounts at the entity level, including consideration for key man issues, trapped in gains, et cetera.  These discounts are normally applied to the enterprise as a whole.


If the subject of the appraisal is a partial equity interest in the business enterprise.  Then additional calculations are undertaken to; 1) account for the pro-rata interest in the business (i.e. number of shares or percentage of ownership), 2) any potential premium or discount for control or lack thereof (i.e. control interest, non-control interest, blockage interest, or minority interest), and 3) any potential discount for lack of marketability.


Depending upon the situation surrounding a valuation and the data available.  We will help you sort through this methodology to a clear understanding of the value to be estimated and the approaches to be applied.

The types of data we utilize in the performance of business enterprise appraisals vary widely depending upon the specific appraisal problem.  These sources include the following.

● BizComps.

● Pratt's Stats.

● MergerStat.

● BVMarketData.

● KeyValueData.

● First Research.

● BizMiner.


We subscribe to numerous print media and online databases for business valuation information & data.  Our resources for this data are always expanding, given the reach of the information age.  This all goes together to form a solid basket of market information to form the basis of estimated values.  Each of our written reports will list the specific references for the engagement that were relied upon in the performance of the appraisal analysis.

A few years back USPAP (Uniform Standards of Professional Appraisal Practice) was modified to do away with the former definitions of the type of appraisal undertaken (i.e. "limited" or "complete").  The new standard involves the "scope of work rule" in which a client and an appraiser must mutually agree upon a scope of work that is adequate for the assignment and will produce credible results.

Of course, the appraiser is charged with the responsibility of final determination on what is required to produce credible results.  So an appraisal analysis may involve only one (1) approach to value, two (2) approaches to value, or all three (3) approaches to value.  It is all variable on the particular appraisal problem, the subject property type, and the market data available for the assignment.

There are two (2) basic types of written appraisal reports produced for business valuation assignments.   These include the following; 1) the "restricted-use appraisal report" narrative, 2) the "appraisal report" narrative.

A "restricted-use appraisal report" narrative presents "statements & basic illustrations" relative to the data, reasoning, and analyses that were used in the appraisal process to develop the opinion of value.  Supporting documentation concerning the data, reasoning, and analyses are typically enclosed within the file for the assignment.  This report is suitable for "internal uses only" by the named client.  It is not suitable for intended uses where third party users may need to review the report.

An "appraisal report" narrative presents "summary discussions & illustrations" of the data, reasoning, and analyses that were used in the appraisal process to develop the opinion of value.  Supporting documentation concerning the data, reasoning, and analyses are typically enclosed within the addenda of the report (and more fully documented in the the file for the assignment).  This report is suitable for a number of intended uses and is appropriate when third party users may need to review the report.

Fees & Timing
Typical fees for assignments can range widely dependent upon the scope of the analysis and type of report agreed upon with the client.  An indication of the typical fee range is noted as follows.

● Businesses without real estate owned or significant machinery & equipment ($750 to $3,500).

● Businesses with real estate owned but no significant machinery & equipment ($1,500 to $5,000).

● Businesses with real estate owned and significant machinery & equipment ($2,000 to $10,000).


Timing for completion of assignments can range from a week to a month, dependent upon the size & complexity of the engagement.  We can provide a solid fee & timing quote with some basic information about the appraisal problem and business to be valued.

Disabled Veteran Veteran Owned - Schreiner Valuation Resources (SVR) is a Disabled American Veteran owned business.  Bill Schreiner, who owns 100% of Schreiner Valuation Resources is; 1) an Honorably Discharged Veteran of the United States Marine Corps, 2) has a Service Connected Disability rating from the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), 3) is a member of the Disabled American Veterans (DAV) organization, and 4) has a Serviced Disabled Veteran Owned Business (SDVOB) certification from the VA for SVR.  Please click here to view a copy of the VA SDVOB certification letter for SVR.

Schreiner Valuation Resources, LLC

Mobile Telephone (800) 736-5063 or (317) 716-1444

Office Telephone (800) 373-1210 or (317) 216-8601

Facsimile (800) 229-5143 or (317) 216-5584

i[email protected]


Corporate Headquarters

23 South 8th Street, Suite 3300

Noblesville, Indiana  46060




Schreiner Valuation Resources © 2012